Gesualdo honors the title of "City of the Prince of Music" in honor of Carlo Gesualdo, the last great exponent of Renaissance polyphony. The town is located in central Irpinia, between the valleys of Fredane and Ufita, close to a dorsal. Local historian Giacomo Catone claimed that the fortress and possessions of Gesualdo were donated in 650 AC From Romualdo, Duke of Benevento, to the heirs of the knight, who became legendary hero during the war between Lombards and Byzantines. For Ludovisi's wishes, ancient town of Gesualdo was deeply renewed under the influence of the dictates of Renaissance urban architecture, building around the castle numerous palaces for the court and housing for servitude, thus creating a true fortified citadel. The Church of St. Nicholas is the oldest place of worship of Gesualdo (XII century); Numerous smaller churches and chapels rich in works of art. Gesualdo hosted illustrious personalities of the world of music and culture who have strongly contributed to the enhancement of the Prince's figure.