Rovereto, (Trento)
For the village in Liguria, see Sestri LevanteRovereto is a city and comune in Trentino in northern Italy, located in the Vallagarina valley of the Adige River.HistoryRovereto was an ancient fortress town standing at the frontier between the bishopric of Trento – an independent state until 1797 – and the republic of Venice, and later between Austrian Tyrol and Italy.Main sightsThe castle, built by the counts of Castelbarco in the 13th–14th centuries, and later enlarged by the Venetians during their rule of Rovereto.The Italian War museum (Museo Storico Italiano della Guerra) is located inside the castle. The Italian War Museum was founded in 1921 in remembrance of the First World War and in it are preserved arms and documents relating to wars from the 16th to the 20th centuries.The mighty bell Maria Dolens, one of the largest outside Russia and East Asia, and the second-largest swinging bell in the world after the St. Peter's Bell of the Cologne Cathedral. Maria Dolens ("the grieving Virgin Mary") was built under the inspiration of a local priest, between 1918 and 1925, to commemorate the fallen in all wars, and to this day it sounds for the dead every day. Originally a patriotic rather than pacifist idea, it is today regarded as a shrine to peace.MART, the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto offers temporary exhibitions, educational activities, and has a remarkable permanent collection.In the area of Lavini di Marco footprints of dinosaurs have been found. The species have been identified as the herbivorous Camptosaurus and carnivorous Dilophosaurus.Marco also hosts a large landslide which has been reported by Dante Alighieri in his Divina Commedia: "Qual è quella ruina che nel fianco di qua da Trento l'Adice percosse, o per tremoto o per sostegno manco" (Inferno, canto XII).EconomyIn the past Rovereto was an important centre for the manufacture of silk. Current production include those of wine, rubber, chocolate, glasses and coffee.Rovereto is the birthplace (1941) of Sferoflex eyeglasses, now taken over by Luxottica. Other relevant companies located in Rovereto are Marangoni Pneumatici, Sandoz Industrial Products Spa, Cioccolato Cisa, Metalsistem.TransportRovereto railway station, opened in 1859, forms part of the Brenner railway, which links Verona with Innsbruck.Notable peopleGaspare Antonio Cavalcabò Baroni (1682–1759) Baroque painterAntonio Rosmini-Serbati (1797–1855), priest and philosopherGustavo Venturi (1830–1898), a bryologist whose herbarium is now kept at the Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali in Trento.Armando Aste (born 6 January 1926), influential Italian alpinist of the postwar periodValerio Fioravanti (born 28 March 1958), founder of the neo-fascist terrorist group Nuclei Armati RivoluzionariMaria Pia Gardini (1936–2012), entrepreneur and critic of ScientologyMarco Martinelli (born 1965), a former volleyball player who earned 155 caps for the Italy men's national volleyball teamGiuliano Pontara (born 1933), professor of philosophy, Stockholm UniversityPaolo Seganti (born 20 May 1965), actor, authorElena Tonetta (born 1988), archer and 2005 Junior European ChampionGirolamo Tartarotti (born 1706), authorRiccardo Zandonai (born 1883), composerMassimo Parziani (born 1992), Motorcycle racerTwin towns – Sister citiesRovereto is twinned with: Bento Gonçalves, Brazil Dolní Dobrouč, Czech Republic Forchheim, Germany Kufstein, AustriaSee alsoVallagarina (district)External links Media related to Rovereto at Wikimedia CommonsOfficial websiteMart, Museo di Arte Moderna di Trento e RoveretoRovereto Student ForumBlog OcchioDiRoveretoMassa Critica RoveretoItalian War Museum in RoveretoViaggiaRovereto(Android Application) -- Implemented as part of SmartCampus project, the research project founded by TrentoRise, UNITN, and FBK