Luogo - Museum

Museo etnografico di Servola

Where VIA DEL PANE BIANCO, 52, Trieste

The name comes from the Latin sylvula (small wood). The town has ancient origins: the Romans built their villas in this area, close to the sea. The place is remembered also for the "bread" of the peasant woman, famous for the white color, aroma, unmistakable flavor and the absence of bran that was removed by passing the flour through a sieve of silk. The typical flavor and aroma depended on the wood used in cooking that is the walnut, collected in the form of fagots in Ciceria, karst area between Trieste and Fiume. The bread of Servola has no official birthday but historical sources cite 1756 and 1764, when the women were invited to Vienna (not at the Hapsburg Court) to make bread. Production continued for two centuries until 1954. The museum is rebuilt the kitchen with the tools to make bread: the cupboard, rectangular container wood used to get the dough, the brakes, shelf equipped with stick used to beat the woman the dough to mix it well, a rolling pin, the sieve, the bailer, the scale and wicker baskets where it was put bread ready to be sold. The sale took place in Trieste, in front of the factories, shops and in some private house. Interesting is also the reconstruction of the old wood oven with the door worked iron and brass, decorated with a flower and a bird. There is also a nice collection of irons: original is made from a bomb dropped by a mortar, made by a worker of the historic "Feriera". On the second floor there is a beautiful display of male and female costumes worn during ceremonies related to religious festivals or important social and cultural events. Finally we point out the considerable collection of postcards of Servola and surroundings, from the '800 to the present day and the edicts, alerts and contests of the Civic Magistrate of Trieste in Italian, German and Slovenian from '700 to the First World War, which testify to the school life, agricultural and social time.

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