Comune

Santa Maria Capua Vetere

Santa Maria Capua Vetere, (Caserta)
Santa Maria Capua Vetere is a town and comune in the province of Caserta, part of the region of Campania (southern Italy).The city of Santa Maria Capua Vetere is to be understood as the old Capua, a city built by the Romans. The city which is now called Capua was built much later.Though it is not connected with the Civitas Capuana, the town is a medieval place and its nearness to the Roman amphitheatre led the inhabitants to change its name in Santa Maria Capua Vetere, where Capua Vetere means Old Capua.HistoryFor the history of ancient Capua, see History of Ancient Capua. For ecclesiastical history see Bishopric of CapuaIn the area several settlements of the Villanovan culture were present in pre-historical times, and these were probably enlarged by the Oscans and Etruscans. In the 4th century BCE Capuae was the largest city in Italy after Rome.The city was damaged by Vandal ravages but later recovered and became the seat of an independent Lombard principate. However, during the struggle of the succession to the Duchy of Benevento, it was destroyed by a band of Saracens in 841 CE. The survivors mostly fled and founded the modern Capua in the site of the ancient River port of Casilinum.In 73 B.C.E marked the start of the Third Servile War by the Gladiator Spartacus from the House of Batiatus, then Spartacus would begin to pose the biggest threat to Rome since HannibalWhat is now Santa Maria Capua Vetere started to grow slowly when several countryside residences appeared around the old Christian basilicas of Santa Maria Maggiore, San Pietro in Corpo and Sant'Erasmo in Capitolio. King Robert of Anjou made Santa Maria Maggiore one of his summer residences.The town was known as Santa Maria Maggiore until 1861.Main sightsFor information about main ancient landmarks in the comune of Santa Maria Capua Vetere, see Main sights in Capua.The main other landmark of Santa Maria Capua Vetere is the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, founded, according to the tradition, by Pope Symmachus in the 5th century. The church had originally a single nave, but was enlarged by Lombard Prince Arechis II of Benevento in 787. Another renovation was carried out in 1666 by Cardinal Robert Bellarmine, with the addition of two further aisles; the current Late Baroque appearance dates to the 1742–88 works, during which the precious mosaic area of the apse was destroyed.Notable connectionsMarcello Trotta, footballer, was born here.Twin towns Murcia, SpainSee alsoSeconda Università degli Studi di NapoliBishopric of CapuaExternal links Media related to Santa Maria Capua Vetere at Wikimedia Commonshttp://www.ancientcapua.com

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