Nora was founded by the Phoeniciansat the end of the 8th or the 7th century BC (it depends on differentinterpretations) on the charming promontory of Capo di Pula, between sea andpools. In the ancient Phoenician, Punic and then Roman trade centre we can seethe Phoenician necropolis, the inhabited centre and the Punic tophet. Abeautiful theatre (beginning of the 1st century BC), one of the best preservedbuildings of Nora, rises among the ancient paved streets. Imposing are thethermal baths, often decorated with splendid mosaics that date back to the 2nd-4th century AD. Important religious buildings are the Punic temple of Tanit, inthe homonymous hill, temple n.6 and the sanctuary of Aesculapius (2nd-3rdcentury AD). Many private buildings, often with water tank and built with opus caementicium and africanum, are often particularlyprestigious, as the house with tetrastyle atrium and mosaics dating from the3rd-4th century AD. The forum is near the sea, and still keeps the base ofhonorary statues of famous people. After a long period that started in the 5thcentury AD, the city was definitely abandoned in the 8th century because ofpirate and Vandal raids. From the end of 1800 the city was brought to light bythe researches of Nissardi and Vivanet and then by the excavations in 1952.From the site of Nora, one of the most important in the south of Sardinia,comes one of the most valuable finds of Sardinian archaeology, the famous Steledi Nora (end of the 9th-beginning of the 7th century BC), where we find themost ancient mention of the name Sardinia.
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