Bastione di Saint Remy
The Bastion of St. Remy is one of the most important fortifications of Cagliari, situated in the Castello district. The name comes from the first Viceroy, Philip-William Pallavicini, Baron of St. Remy. At the end of the nineteenth century it was monumentally transformed into a staircase, surmounted by the Arc de Triomphe, which gives access to a covered walkway and to a large terrace.It was built in the late nineteenth century on the ancient walls of the city, from the early XIV century, linking the three southern ramparts of the Mint, St. Caterina and Sperone, to join the Castle district with those underlying Villanova and Marina. The covered walkway and terrace Umberto I were designed, in 1896, by engineer Giuseppe Costa and Fulgenzio Setti. The entire building is made in Classical style, with Corinthian columns, and was built in Pietra Forte, a white and yellow limestone. It was inaugurated in 1901. From the terrace Umberto I is accessed the Bastion, where there was an old Dominican convent, destroyed by fire in 1800. It is said that in the environment of the austere convent prepared the conspiracy to kill the Viceroy Camarassa, in 1668, the most dramatic episode of blood in the history of the city during the Spanish government. The covered walk since it was inaugurated in 1902, has been variously used. At first it was used as a banquet hall, then during the First World War was used as an infirmary. In the thirties, in the period of sanctions, was an exhibition of autarchy. During World War II it was used as a shelter for displaced persons whose homes were destroyed by bombs. In 1948 it hosted the first trade fair of Sardinia. After many years of neglect, the walk was restored and re-evaluated as a cultural space reserved specifically for art exhibitions.
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