Cassino, (Frosinone)
For other meanings, see Cassino (disambiguation)Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio.Cassino is located at the foot of Monte Cairo near the confluence of the Gari and Liri rivers. The city is best known as the site of the Abbey of Montecassino and the Battle of Monte Cassino during World War II, which resulted in tremendous Allied and German casualties as well as the near total destruction of the town itself. Today, Cassino is also home to the University of Cassino and a FIAT automotive plant.HistoryCassino's origins lie in the Volscan settlement of Casinum, sited atop the hill of Cassino near Monte Cairo, five kilometres to the north. Casinum passed under the control of the Samnites, but the Romans eventually gained control of Casinum, establishing a fortified colony there in 312 BC. At least once during Punic Wars, Hannibal passed near Casinum. Casinum was also the site of a villa presumed to belong to Marcus Terentius Varro.The modern town which arose on the site of the ancient town of Casinum was called San Germano, but on 28 July 1863 the name was officially reverted to "Cassino".During the renaissance Cassino lay on the northern frontier of the Kingdom of Naples, which was dominated by Spain. In 1504, during the Second Italian War, France attempted to capture the town in the Battle of Cassino, but failed. The dependence of Cassino on Spain lasted until 1860.The town was the site of fierce fighting during the Battles of Monte Cassino during World War II, when the old town was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt south-east of its prior location in a relatively short time. Because of this, and despite the recent construction of a large number of new roads and roundabouts, the town has a somewhat disorderly road network. The city is developing commercially as well, following the construction of many shopping centres in the environs, which, however, also increase traffic congestion, particularly on the roads leading into the city.Main sightsThe terrain is characterized by rolling green hills, vineyards, and rivers [1]. Because of its valley location, it is often foggy in the winter, with chilly rainfall. Summers are generally quite warm and humid. The main sights of the town are:Abbey of Monte CassinoNatural park of the Varronian Baths, located in the area Varro's villaRocca Janula, a castle overlooking the city, which was one of Abbey's historical strongholdsCassino War CemeteryGerman War CemeteryPolish CemeteryHistoriale, a Second World War multimedial museumRemains of a Roman theatre, an amphitheatre, a part of the historical Via Latina, and the Mausoleum of Ummidia Quadratilla.International relationsTwin towns – Sister citiesCassino is twinned with:SportsCassino's football team plays in the Italian Eccellenza. The Basket team plays in the Italian Divisione Nazionale B.PeopleAntonio Labriola (1843–1904), philosopherErasmo Di Spirito (1888-1964), inventor patent holderGino Matrundola (born 1940), former Canadian politicianVittorio Miele (1926–1999), painterMichael Valente (1895–1976), World War I Medal of Honor recipientArturo Gatti (1972–2009), Canadian professional boxerEdoardo Grossi (born 1959), environmentalistAngelo Ogbonna (born 1988), professional footballerAlessandro Nardone (born 1962), painterSee alsoAbbey of Monte CassinoBattle of CassinoCassino MemorialReferencesExternal linksHistoriale Museum of Cassino (Italian) (English) (German) (French) (Polish)