Archaeological Area

Santuario Federale Nuragico di Santa Vittoria

Serri, (Cagliari)
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The magnificent village-sanctuary of SantaVittoria, named after the near country church, extends to three hectares in thesouth-west of the Giara plateau. The definition of federal Nuragic sanctuarywas given by the famous archaeologist Giovanni Lilliu to indicate a worshipplace frequented by people from distant villages. Usually dedicated to watercult, these sanctuaries were characterised by different religious buildings(well temple, in antis temple, megaron-style temple).It is believed that the most powerful clans ofcentral Sardinia used to meet here to make alliances or declare war. In commonbuildings, religious and civil feasts, the market with political meetingscoexisted.

The Nuragic village of Santa Vittoria consistsof four main areas. The officiant%u2019s hut, the area of feasts, the area of doublebaetylus and permanent buildings were near the temple; the hut of thechief and the meeting hut were in a separate area. The well temple, idealcentre of the sanctuary, is formed by a vestibule, a stairwell and the chamber(originally with tholos vault) that received water. In the area offeasts, pilgrims could eat and rest for some days. The area of double baetylus(believed to be the divinity%u2019s house) was named after two upright stones stuckinto the ground.  

The large number of little bronzefigurines (the so- called %u201Cbronzetti%u201D) found in this archaeological sitetestify that Sardinian people- offerers, warriors- used to come here, andancient and unknown divinities received offerings as animals, weapons andobjects of daily use.

The complex dates back to a period between theLate and Final Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age (13th- 8th century BC). It wasfrequented until the 4th century AD, as Roman tombs attest.

 

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