Pontida, (Bergamo)
Pontida is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Bergamo in the Italian region of Lombardy, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Milan and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) northwest of Bergamo. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,112 and an area of 10.1 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi).Pontida received the honorary title of city with a presidential decree on July 11, 2006.GeographyThe municipality of Pontida contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Boffuro, Buttarello, Cà Barile, Cà Frosco, Cà Pietaglio, Canto, Cerchiera, Costa, Gaggio Sopra, Gaggio Sotto, Ghiringhello, Grombosco, Gromfaleggio, Massera, Metà Ripa di Sotto, Odiago, Roncallo, Sotto i Ronchi, Torchio, ValmoraPontida borders the following municipalities: Ambivere, Brivio, Calco, Caprino Bergamasco, Carvico, Cisano Bergamasco, Palazzago, Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII, Villa d'Adda.Demographic evolutionHistoryPontida's main claim to historical renown is due to the Oath of Pontida, signed there in 1167 and marking the foundation of the Lombard League, which nine years later would go on to defeat Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa at the Battle of Legnano.The name "Pontida" often appeared in the rhetoric of the 19th century Risorgimento, Italian nationalists seeing this historical event as a precedent and inspiration for their own struggle.References^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.^ Lexikon des Mittelalters: Band IV Seite 931