Comune

Erto e Casso

Erto e Casso, (Pordenone)
Erto e Casso is a municipality in the Province of Pordenone in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Pordenone.GeographyThe commune consists of Erto (the municipal seat, population: 341), Casso (population: 35), and some smaller places: Cavalle, Col della Ruava, Forcai, Liron, Pineda, San Martino and Val del Pont.Erto e Casso borders the municipalities Castellavazzo, Cimolais, Claut, Longarone, Ospitale di Cadore, Perarolo di Cadore, Pieve d'Alpago and Soverzene.HistoryEarly historyThe village of Erto was first mentioned in 8th century. Differently from Casso, in which is spoken bellunese (a Venetian dialect), the local language is a dialect of Ladin language, colloquailly named ertano.Vajont disasterErto and Casso were the two villages in the Vajont (/vaˈjɔnt/) valley, above the artificial lake, before the Vajont Dam disaster on 9 October 1963. The landslide and flood killed almost 2,000 people in total, destroying five villages in the Piave valley but leaving Erto and Casso only slightly damaged. The two villages were cautionally evacuated within three days of the disaster and the valley stayed empty for three years thereafter. During those years, some of the survivors settled down in the Maniago municipality, creating what would become the new Vajont municipality from 1971.Three years after evacuation, some other survivors, in spite of being forbidden to return to the valley, went back to their former houses and reformed the villages of Erto and Casso, which still form the municipality today.DemographyPersonalitiesMauro Corona (b. 1950), writerSee alsoMonte TocVajont DamReferencesExternal links(Italian) Erto village website(Italian) Erto e Casso official website(Italian) Mountain Community of Western Friuli

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