Also known as "City of Three Popes", Cesena gave birth to Pius VI, Pius VII, and hosted the bishopric of Pius VIII and Benedict XIII. The area in which the city is located, halfway between Adriatic Sea and Tosco-Romagna Apennine, is characterized by the presence of numerous agricultural and food and wine groves, the pride of many localities spa. Historic center of Cesena includes churches and palaces of great historical, artistic and cultural interest and is bordered by the walls, whose circle has been preserved almost intact, and various towers and gates at the foot of ancient Malatesta Fortress. Malatesta family built in the middle of the fifteenth century Malatesta Library, the first civic library in Europe, and the only example of a perfectly preserved humanistic monastic library, recognized by UNESCO as "Memory of the World". Cesena is famous for piadina, among the protagonists of "International Culinary Road Festival", which in autumn offers a gastronomic breakdown of road food from around the world. In June it is the turn of the main folk event: San Giovanni Fair, which offers lavender bouquets, fresh garlic cloves and above all renowned red cockroach whistle in the form of rooster. Since 1997, National Theater Festival "Elisabetta Turroni" has been held, a show of performances produced by Italian secondary schools.