Cascina, (Pisa)
Cascina (pronounced with stress on first syllable: Càscina) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Pisa in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Florence and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) southeast of Pisa.Cascina is located on the left shore of the Arno River, on a markedly plain terrain. The comune borders the following municipalities: Calcinaia, Collesalvetti, Crespina, Lari, Pisa, Pontedera, San Giuliano Terme, Vicopisano.HistoryThe first mention of Cascina is from a document of 750 AD. The origin of the name is uncertain, but it could derive from Casina ("Small House"), or from the creek that crossed it (now disappeared), or from an Etruscan personal name, Latinized as Cassenius.On 26 July 1364, the eponymous battle between the armies of Pisa and Florence was fought here. The event was later reproduced by Michelangelo in painting of which now preparatory drawings and a copy by Aristotile da Sangallo (also known as Bastiano da Sangallo) exist. The city had in fact a strategical importance as a fortified stronghold on the main road connecting the two cities.Main sightsMedieval wallsCastle of RipoliPieve di Santa MariaOratorio di San GiovanniChurch of the Madonna dell'Acqua (Madonna of the Water)Parish church of Saints Ippolito and CassianoIn locality Zambra is a 9th-century church with unusual wall paintings of fish in pre-Romanesque style. At San Casciano a Settimo, a frazione with c. 3,000 inhabitants, is a basilica, renovated in the 12th century in Pisane-Gothic style.The frazione of Marciana has the church of San Miniato (10th century). At Montione is the Abbey of San Savino.ScienceCascina is home to the European Gravitational Observatory and the Virgo interferometer, one of the few facilities in the World for the search for gravitational waves.Twin towns - Sister citiesCascina is twinned with: Umm Dreiga, Western Sahara Sebnitz, Germany Saliès, France, since 2007External linksOfficial website

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