Comune

Castelsardo

Castelsardo, (Sassari)
Castelsardo (Sassarese: Castheddu, Sardinian: Casteddu Sardu) is a town and comune in Sardinia, Italy, located in the northwest of the island within the Province of Sassari, at the east end of the Gulf of Asinara.HistoryArchaeological excavations have showed the human presence in the area of Castelsardo since pre-Nuragic and Nuragic times, as well as during the Roman domination in Sardinia.After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the monastery of Nostra Signora di Tergu was founded nearby, but the current town originates from the castle built here, in 1102 (or 1270), by the Doria family of Genoa. The castle and the village which gradually formed round it where the seat of the Doria's fiefdom in the island called Castel Doria or Castelgenovese, until it was conquered by the Aragonese in the 15th century (1448), and named Castillo Aragonés (Castel Aragonese). Except for the Maddalena archipelago, it was the last city in the island to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.Castelsardo, now part of the Savoy's Kingdom of Sardinia, obtained its current name by will of King Charles Emmanuel III.Main sightsElephant's Rock, one of the symbols of SardiniaMegalithic walls, from pre-Nuragic timesNuraghe Paddaju and othersDoria Castle (1102)Co-Cathedral, entitled to St. Anthony the Abbot. The crypts house the Museum "Maestro di Castelsardo";Church of St. Mary, with a wooden Black ChristDoria PalaceLa Loggia Palace, town hall since 1111Palace of Eleonora of ArboreaSea wallsGalleryReferences This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ampurias

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